Neuroception: A Subconscious System for Detecting Threats and Safety

The author describes recent findings on the neurobiological mechanisms involved in perceptions of risk and safety. The term “Neuroception” describes how neural circuits distinguish whether situations or people are safe, dangerous, or life threatening. Neuroception explains why a baby coos at a caregiver but cries at a stranger, or why a toddler enjoys a parent’s embrace but views a hug from a stranger as an assault. The author explains the Polyvagal Theory, which posits that mammals–especially primates–have evolved brain structures that regulate both social and defensive behaviors. The Polyvagal Theory describes three developmental stages of a mammal’s autonomic nervous system: immobilization, mobilization, and social communication or social engagement. A neuroception of safety is necessary before social engagement behaviors can occur. Infants, young children, and adults need appropriate social engagement strategies in order to form positive attachments and social bonds. Faulty neuroception might lie at the root of several psychiatric disorders, including autism, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, depression, and Reactive Attachment Disorder.

Tesla is going to ‘kill’ the auto industry with Elon Musk’s way of thinking about manufacturing, says SpaceX CTO

Tesla was for a long time a “product company” – meaning that it focused on creating great products first. It has been quite successful at it with vehicles, like the Model S, winning almost all car awards out there. But CEO Elon Musk has recently shifted the automaker’s focus to manufacturing – saying that the factory itself is probably more important than the product it is making.

Fear in the Brain

Unraveling the mystery of how the mind experiences fear is one of the most interesting quests in recent neuroscience.

Experiences and lessons learned from the Scrum Lego Game

I love agile games! They help explain the concepts behind Scrum in a much more direct, fun and powerful way than any theory session will do. When executed well, they allow participants to experience first-hand why Scrum really works. Over the past few years, a number of simulation games have popped up to do just this. The one that always captured my imagination was the Scrum Lego game invented by Alexey Krivitsky because it looked like great fun to play with legos and learn about Scrum. Because I would love to be able to add this game to my own workshops, training and coaching sessions, I decided to invite some friends and colleagues to try the game and see if it really worked. Simply put, we had a blast! In this post, I would like to share my experiences and recommendations for playing this game.

Handling Unicode Front to Back in a Web App

Understanding encoding is all fine and good, but there are many gotchas involved in actually building a complex system consisting of many moving parts that uses anything but ASCII characters. This article shows how to get a PHP web application with a MySQL database set up to handle UTF-8 data front to back and explains common pitfalls.

How To Pomodoro Your Way To Productivity (Pomodoro Technique Tips)

Maximizing time is a constant struggle. Motivational speaker and entrepreneur Chris Winfield knows this all too well, as he struggled for years to make proper use of his time. After countless research, trial and error, and a little banging of his head against the wall, Chris has discovered that the key to him living his most productive life is 25 minutes long.

Desperate for a way to improve his productivity, Chris eventually discovered and settled on the Pomodoro technique. Invented by Frances Cirillo in the 1980’s, the Pomodoro technique maximizes time and efficiency by blocking out 25 minutes of uninterrupted focus. From there, Chris cut his work week in half, transformed his career and, most importantly, balanced his life.

News in Levels

If you read and listen to two articles every day, your reading and listening skills can improve fast. You can learn quickly and after some time you will not have to translate into your own language. You will simply understand. Why should you do this?

When you listen to people in your native language, you do not translate. You simply understand. The same has to be in English. When you learn English, you have to learn the whole sentences in context.

Students, who translate English texts, do exercises and do tests are very good at translating, doing exercises and doing tests, but they have problems with understanding English in real life. In real life, nobody waits for your translation. People usually use simple English when they speak but they use it fast. You have to understand with no translation to your native language. If you translate, you cannot be part of communication because you are thinking about the language too much. These words are maybe hard to read but they are true.

You also have to hear every new word 5 to 10 times if you want to remember it. That’s why we use the same words in one level. If you read and hear the same words again and again, you will understand them and remember them. If you know words from one level, you can go to a higher level and learn new words. It is important to go step by step, and read and listen to words which are used in English often. This is what we do with our news. In our short news, we use words which are used in English often. Level 1 has the 1000 most important words. Level 2 has the 2000 most important words, Level 3 has the 3000 most important words.

So, if you want to understand English fast and learn fast, read two articles or more a day. You can improve your reading and listening quickly when you read easy English news. We will help you learn English fast and understand it. When you use this website every day, you can learn 3000 words which you need for communication with anybody in English.

The Ultimate List of Free Stock Photography Sites

Strong design is based on strong imagery. Unfortunately, strong imagery requires a good photographer and that costs money. In the past we were limited to stock photography sites that charge ten quid an image or absolutely terrible free stock photography that cost you conversions.

Thankfully, things are changing.

There’s now hundreds of sites offering free or freemium stock photography services. But with the good comes the bad and that means much of our time is spent wading through the rubbish. What we needed was a list of the best free stock photography sites out there.

So that’s what we created.

Our article pulls together the best of the best free stock photography sites so you don’t have to, freeing up your time to do the important things like being creative.